PRIMATICCIO, Francesco

(1504-1570)
Francesco Primaticcio was the most influential Italian artist working in France in the sixteenth century. Born and trained in Bologna, where the influence of Raphael* was preeminent, Primaticcio worked as a painter, stuccoist, and ar­chitect. He was invited to Paris in 1532 by Francois I,* who hoped to introduce the Renaissance to French art, and spent the rest of his career as a court artist. Primaticcio was installed at the royal chateau of Fontainebleau, where he pro­ceeded to develop a Mannerist style influenced by Correggio,* Michelangelo,* and Parmigianino.* His primary responsibility was to direct the decoration of the chateau. He produced architectural ornamentation in both paint and stucco; few of the paintings have survived, but many of the stuccos are preserved in good condition. The Gallery of Francois I, decorated in partnership with Rosso Fiorentino* (1530s), combines painting and sculpture in an elaborate program of mythological scenes. Typical elements of Mannerist art, such as elongated figures, unreadable space, and serpentine poses, are found in both narratives and framing elements. The style is highly sophisticated, artificial, and erotic.
Works of the 1540s (e.g., the Gallery of Ulysses, late 1540s, destroyed 1738) appear to have continued the taste Primaticcio established in his first works at Fontainebleau. Ornate and complex, they reveal the artist adding illusionism and drama to his mannered compositions. By the 1550s Primaticcio was established as the leading court artist, and his work was more and more limited to direction rather than execution. Seen primarily as a decorator, he was highly influential in the introduction of Italian and antique aesthetic ideas to French artistic circles.
Bibliography
S. Beguin, Fontainebleau: L'art en France, 1528-1610, 1973.
Jane C. Long

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • Primaticcio, Francesco — born April 30, 1504, Bologna, Emilia died 1570, Paris, France Italian born French painter, sculptor, and architect. In 1532 Francis I invited him to help redecorate the Fontainebleau Palace, and Primaticcio became one of the principal artists in… …   Universalium

  • Primaticcio, Francesco — (c. 1504 1570)    Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, and architect who studied under Giulio Romano in Mantua. Along with Rosso Fiorentino, Primaticcio headed the Fontainebleau School in France. He arrived at the French court in 1532, invited by …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Primaticcio, Francesco — (30 abr. 1504, Bolonia, Emilia–1570, París, Francia). Pintor, escultor y arquitecto francés de origen italiano. En 1532, Francisco I lo invitó a ayudar en la redecoración del palacio Fontainebleau. Primaticcio llegó a ser uno de los principales… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Primaticcio — Francesco Primaticcio (* 30. April 1504 in Bologna; † 1570 in Paris) war ein italienischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt des Manierismus und ein Mitbegründer der Schule von Fontainebleau. Leben Raub der Helena, um 1530 1539, Durham, Bowes Museum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco Primaticcio — (april 30, 1504 ndash; 1570) was an Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France.BiographyBorn in Bologna, he trained under Giulio Romano in Mantua and became a pupil of Innocenzo da Imola, executing… …   Wikipedia

  • Francesco Primaticcio — El rapto de Helena, 1530 1539. Francesco Primaticcio (Bolonia, 30 de abril de 1504 – Fontainebleau, 1570) fue un pintor, arquitecto y escultor manierista italiano, que pasó la mayor parte de su carrera en Francia. Se le llamó il Bolo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francesco — (as used in expressions) Francesco di Cristofano de Giudicis Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola Francesco Petrarca Albani Francesco Francesco Albano Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino Borromini Francesco Francesco Castelli Cavalli Pier Francesco… …   Universalium

  • Francesco — (as used in expressions) Albani, Francesco Francesco Albano Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino Borromini, Francesco Francesco Castelli Cavalli, (Pier) Francesco Pietro Francesco Caletti Bruni Crispi, Francesco Francia, Francesco Francesco di… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francesco Primaticcio — (* 30. April 1504 in Bologna; † 1570 in Paris) war ein italienischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt des Manierismus und ein Mitbegründer der Schule von Fontainebleau. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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